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Home arrow Chow Chow Information arrow Illustrated Breed Standard arrow Glossary Of Terms (page 29)

Glossary Of Terms



Spring of ribs:  Curvature of ribs for heart and lung capacity.

Sternum:  Breastbone.

Stifle:  The joint of the hind leg between the thigh and the second thigh. The dog's knee.

Stilted: The rear leg moves up and forward from the hip in a straight, stilted pendulum-like line.

Stop: The step up from muzzle to skull; indentation between the eyes where the nasal bone and skull meet.

Substance:  Bone.

Tail set: How the base of the tail sets on the rump.

Thigh:  The hindquarter from hip to stifle.

Topline:  The dog's outline from just behind the withers to the tail set.

Trim: To groom the coat by plucking or clipping.

Type: The characteristic qualities distinguishing a breed; the embodiment of a standard's essentials.


Upper arm:  The humerus or bone of the foreleg, between the shoulder blade and the forearm, and associated tissues.

Well let down: Having short hocks (metatarsals).

Whisker:  Sensory organs (hairs) on the sides of the muzzle.

Withers:  The region defined by the dorsal portions of the spineous processes of the first two thoracic vertebrae and flanked by the dorsal (uppermost) portions of the scapulae.

Wrinkle: Loose, folding skin on forehead and foreface.


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