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Home arrow Chow Chow Information arrow Illustrated Breed Standard arrow Glossary Of Terms

Glossary Of Terms



Gait:  The pattern of footsteps at various rates of speed, each pattern distinguished by a particular rhythm and footfall.

Hackney action:  A high lifting of the front feet accompanied by flexing of the wrist like that of a hackney horse.

Height: Vertical measurement from the withers to the ground; referred to usually as shoulder height. See Withers.

Hindquarters: Rear assembly of dog (pelvis, thighs, hocks and paws).

Hock:  The tarsus or collection of bones of the hind leg forming the joint between the second thigh and the metatarsus; the dog's true heel.

Knuckling over:  Faulty structure of carpus (wrist) joint allowing it to flex forward under the weight of the standing dog.

Loin:  The region of the body associated with the lumbar portion of the vertebrae (i.e., posterior to me ribs and anterior to the pelvic girdle).

Lumbering:  An awkward gait.


Muzzle:  The head in front of the eyes--nasal bone, nostrils, and jaws. Foreface.

Nose:  Organ of smell; also, the ability to detect by means of scent.

Pads:  Tough, shock-absorbing projections on the underside of the feet. Soles.

Pastern:  Commonly recognized as the region of the foreleg between the carpus or wrist and the digits,.i.e. the metacarpus.

Reach of front:  Length of forward stride taken by forelegs.

Ruff:  Thick, longer hair growth around the neck.

Scissors bite: A  bite in which the outer side of the lower incisors touches the inner side of the upper incisors.

Slab sided:  Flat ribs with too little spring from spinal column.

Smooth coat:  The Chow has a hard dense smooth outer coat with a definite undercoat.

Soundness:  The state of mental and physical health when all organs and faculties are complete and functioning normally, each in its rightful relation to the other.


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